<em id="vnvl9"></em>

    <form id="vnvl9"></form>

          Contact Us Host an Event Volunteer Join
          Share

          Plant Database

          Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

          Enter a Plant Name:
          Or choose a plant family:
          Tsuga canadensis (Eastern hemlock)
          Wasowski, Sally and Andy

          Tsuga canadensis

          Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carrière

          Eastern Hemlock

          Pinaceae (Pine Family)

          Synonym(s):

          USDA Symbol: TSCA

          USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

          Eastern hemlock is a straight-trunked, gracefully pyramidal tree with long, pendulous limbs and short-needled, feathery branches. Evergreen needles are dark-green with silvery undersides.Evergreen tree with conical crown of long, slender, horizontal branches often drooping down to the ground, and a slender, curved, and drooping leader. Height is usually 40-70 ft., but can reach 100 ft. or more.

          The bark was once a commercial source of tannin in the production of leather. Pioneers made tea from leafy twigs and brooms from the branches. A graceful shade tree and ornamental, it can also be trimmed into hedges.

           

          From the Image Gallery

          29 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

          Plant Characteristics

          Duration: Perennial
          Habit: Tree
          Leaf Complexity: Simple
          Leaf: Dark Green
          Flower:
          Fruit: Brown
          Size Class: 72-100 ft.

          Bloom Information

          Bloom Color: Yellow
          Bloom Time: Apr

          Distribution

          USA: AL , CT , DC , DE , GA , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
          Canada: NB , NS , ON , PE , QC
          Native Distribution: N.S. to Man., s. to MD & n.e. MN; along mts. to GA & AL
          Native Habitat: Rocky ridges; moist, mountain slopes

          Growing Conditions

          Water Use: Medium
          Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
          Soil Moisture: Moist
          Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
          CaCO3 Tolerance: None
          Soil Description: Rocky, cool, moist soils.
          Conditions Comments: Eastern hemlock can be a fast-grower, but is more often slow-growing. It must be placed where there is good drainage and no strong, drying winds. Trees seem somewhat pH adaptable but prefers acidity. They can be restrained as a hedge for years with regular pruning. Sunscorch kills back branches, and drought kills the tree. A number of diseases and insects can be troublesome, but trees in good health prove reliable.

          Benefit

          Use Wildlife: Other Showy Insects
          Fragrant Foliage: yes
          Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
          Larval Host: Columbia silkmoth

          Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

          Columbia silkmoth
          (Hyalophora columbia)

          Larval Host
          Learn more at BAMONA

          Propagation

          Description: Layering has proven successful, as has propagation by seed and cuttings. Cutting must be treated. Sow seeds in fall or stratify until spring. Spreading a layer of compost on bare soil beneath a mature hemlock and allowing natural seeding to produce a f
          Seed Collection: Cones mature in one season. Pick cones as they begin to open and leave in paper sacks until seed can be shaken free.
          Seed Treatment: A 2-4 month stratification at 40 degrees hastens germination.
          Commercially Avail: yes

          Find Seed or Plants

          View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

          Mr. Smarty Plants says

          Evergreen plants safe for horses in Louisville, Kentucky
          May 16, 2010
          I have a horse farm in Louisville, Ky. I want to plant evergreen plants along the walls in front of the horse barns. What types of plants are not toxic to horses can I use? Thank you so much for all y...
          view the full question and answer

          Evergreen privacy hedge and drought-resistant garden
          July 21, 2008
          I am looking for a hardy evergreen hedge for privacy in Northern Michigan. I have sandy soil. Also am interested in planting a drought garden with mostly sun in same sandy soil.
          view the full question and answer

          Evergreen shrubs for Michigan
          June 17, 2008
          I'm seeking a small-medium, ornamental, fairly compact, evergreen shrub to complement my front yard woodland wildflower garden. I want a shrub that will flank both sides of my front porch steps. I wa...
          view the full question and answer

          National Wetland Indicator Status

          Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
          Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU
          This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

          From the National Organizations Directory

          According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

          Georgia Native Plant Society - Atlanta, GA
          Longwood Gardens - Kennett Square, PA
          Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

          Bibliography

          Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
          Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
          Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

          Search More Titles in Bibliography

          Additional resources

          USDA: Find Tsuga canadensis in USDA Plants
          FNA: Find Tsuga canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
          Google: Search Google for Tsuga canadensis

          Metadata

          Record Modified: 2013-09-05
          Research By: TWC Staff

          Go back

          精选246免费资料大全