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          Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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          Solidago nemoralis (Gray goldenrod)
          Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

          Solidago nemoralis

          Solidago nemoralis Aiton

          Gray Goldenrod, Prairie Goldenrod, Oldfield Goldenrod, Grayleaf Goldenrod, Gray-leaved Goldenrod, Dyersweed Goldenrod, Dwarf Goldenrod, Field Goldenrod

          Asteraceae (Aster Family)


          USDA Symbol: SONE

          USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

          Slender-stemmed plant, 1 1/2 to 2 ft. tall. Thin, coarsly-toothed leaves. Flowers occur on the upper side of hairy stalks which arch out and downward creating a vase-shaped flower cluster. Clumps of slender, gray-downy stems produce terminal, one-sided, yellow plumes that gives the perennial a vase-shaped appearance. A small goldenrod, this plant seldom reaches 2 ft. in height.

          Prairie Goldenrod attracts butterflies. Individual plants bloom at various times, thus extending the flowering season.


          From the Image Gallery

          26 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

          Plant Characteristics

          Duration: Perennial
          Habit: Herb
          Leaf Retention: Deciduous
          Size Notes: 1.5-2 feet.
          Leaf: Green
          Size Class: 1-3 ft.

          Bloom Information

          Bloom Color: Yellow
          Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


          USA: AL , AR , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
          Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NS , ON , PE , QC , SK
          Native Distribution: Across southern Canada south through much of the US east of the Rockies to Durango in northern Mexico
          Native Habitat: Dry, open woods & upland prairies

          Growing Conditions

          Water Use: Medium
          Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
          Soil Moisture: Dry
          CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
          Soil Description: Sandy, rocky soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type
          Conditions Comments: Individual plants bloom at various times, thus extending the flowering season. Prairie goldenrod is an under-utilized species that grows shorter and less aggressively than the more common tall goldenrod. It works well in a low wildflower meadow, a sunny garden, or as a cut flower. Good companion plants include gay-feather and autumn sage.


          Use Ornamental: Perennial garden, Wildflower meadow
          Use Wildlife: Prairie goldenrod attracts butterflies.
          Conspicuous Flowers: yes
          Attracts: Birds
          Nectar Source: yes
          Deer Resistant: Moderate

          Value to Beneficial Insects

          Special Value to Native Bees
          Special Value to Honey Bees
          Supports Conservation Biological Control

          This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


          Propagation Material: Seeds
          Description: Seed germination may be increased with stratification, but this pre-treatment is not absolutely necessary. If planting untreated seed, be sure it is fresh. May also be propagated by division of mature plants. Make sure each section has a bud and a root
          Seed Collection: Collect in October.
          Seed Treatment: Cold-moist or dry stratification
          Commercially Avail: yes

          Find Seed or Plants

          Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.

          From the National Organizations Directory

          According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

          Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
          Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
          Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
          NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
          NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX

          Herbarium Specimen(s)

          NPSOT 0613 Collected Oct 17,1993 in Comal County by Harry Cliffe

          1 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium

          Wildflower Center Seed Bank

          LBJWC-622 Collected 2007-10-29 in County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

          1 collection(s) available in the Wildflower Center Seed Bank


          Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
          Bibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
          Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
          Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
          Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
          Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.

          Search More Titles in Bibliography

          From the Archive

          Wildflower Newsletter 1986 VOL. 3, NO.1 - Library and Clearinghouse Serve the Nation, What is a Weed, More than Just a Pre...

          Additional resources

          USDA: Find Solidago nemoralis in USDA Plants
          FNA: Find Solidago nemoralis in the Flora of North America (if available)
          Google: Search Google for Solidago nemoralis


          Record Modified: 2015-12-11
          Research By: TWC Staff

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